As it turns out, the effect of that shift was multiplied by the fact that voters across the board were more likely to support Republicans than in past elections. The graph below compares the margin of support among demographic groups for Republican candidates in 2014 with support in 2012 for Mitt Romney and in 2010 for House candidates, according to exit polls.
Support for Democrats was down slightly among black voters. In 2012, black voters backed the president by an 87-point margin; in 2010, black voters supported Democratic House candidates by 80 points, per exits. Last night, they backed Democrats by 79 points. Reduced support plus reduced turnout multiplies the effect for Republicans.
Republicans won big on Tuesday night – as much as by who actually voted as who didn't. Here are the takeaways from the exit poll data. (Pamela Kirkland/The Washington Post)
Note the big swing in the Asian voting bloc, too. In 2012, strong support for the president among Asian-American voters was a surprise. Asian voters preferred the president by 47 points. In 2014, the (low turnout) group split about evenly. It was a 46-point swing.
Another way to look at the change is below. It shows the split in support among each group, with bars scaled to the percentage of the electorate that each group comprised. Switch between the elections and watch how the density of the red and blue blocks shifts.
Elections come down to turnout, yes, and Tuesday night was great turnout for the Republicans. But when every demographic group votes more heavily in one direction than two years prior, that effect is multiplied significantly.
You might also like
What is the definition of electoral vote ?
It's a winner take all method of electing a President to the USA. Each state gets a certain number of votes based on population.
What are us electoral votes?
Electoral votes in the US are the popular vote for each state combined into an electoral.
Example - 50,000 people vote for a candidate in one state. 60,000 vote for the other candidate in the same state. The candidate with 60,000 voted in that states gets the electoral vote.
Note. A state can have more electoral votes depending on population.